If it won't be simple, it simply won't be. [Hire me, source code] by Miki Tebeka, CEO, 353Solutions

Thursday, June 04, 2009

strftime for JavaScript

/* strftime for JavaScript 

   Field description (taken from http://tinyurl.com/65s2qw)

    %a  Locale’s abbreviated weekday name.   
    %A  Locale’s full weekday name.   
    %b  Locale’s abbreviated month name.   
    %B  Locale’s full month name.   
    %c  Locale’s appropriate date and time representation.   
    %d  Day of the month as a decimal number [01,31].   
    %H  Hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number [00,23].   
    %I  Hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number [01,12].   
    %j  Day of the year as a decimal number [001,366].   
    %m  Month as a decimal number [01,12].   
    %M  Minute as a decimal number [00,59].   
    %p  Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM.
    %S  Second as a decimal number [00,61].
    %U  Week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as a
        decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first
        Sunday are considered to be in week 0.
    %w  Weekday as a decimal number [0(Sunday),6].   
    %W  Week number of the year (Monday as the first day of the week) as a
        decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first
        Monday are considered to be in week 0.
    %x  Locale’s appropriate date representation.   
    %X  Locale’s appropriate time representation.   
    %y  Year without century as a decimal number [00,99].   
    %Y  Year with century as a decimal number.   
    %Z  Time zone name (no characters if no time zone exists).   
    %%  A literal '%' character.
*/

var days = [ 
    'Sunday', 'Monday', 'Tuesday', 'Wednesday', 'Thursday', 'Friday',
    'Saturday' 
];

var months = [
    'January', 'February', 'March', 'April', 'May', 'June', 'July',
    'August', 'September', 'October', 'November', 'December'
];

function shortname(name) {
    return name.substr(0, 3);
}

function zeropad(n, size) {
    n = '' + n; /* Make sure it's a string */
    size = size || 2;
    while (n.length < size) {
        n = '0' + n;
    }
    return n;
}

function twelve(n) {
    return (n <= 12) ? n : 24 - n;
}

function strftime(format, date) {
    date = date || new Date();
    var fields = {
        a: shortname(days[date.getDay()]),
        A: days[date.getDay()],
        b: shortname(months[date.getMonth()]),
        B: months[date.getMonth()],
        c: date.toString(),
        d: zeropad(date.getDate()),
        H: zeropad(date.getHours()),
        I: zeropad(twelve(date.getHours())),
        /* FIXME: j: */
        m: zeropad(date.getMonth() + 1),
        M: zeropad(date.getMinutes()),
        p: (date.getHours() >= 12) ? 'PM' : 'AM',
        S: zeropad(date.getSeconds()),
        w: zeropad(date.getDay() + 1),
        /* FIXME: W: */
        x: date.toLocaleDateString(),
        X: date.toLocaleTimeString(),
        y: ('' + date.getFullYear()).substr(2, 4),
        Y: '' + date.getFullYear(),
        /* FIXME: Z: */
        '%' : '%'
    };

    var result = '', i = 0;
    while (i < format.length) {
        if (format[i] === '%') {
            result = result + fields[format[i + 1]];
            ++i;
        }
        else {
            result = result + format[i];
        }
        ++i;
    }
    return result;
}
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