If it won't be simple, it simply won't be. [source code] by Miki Tebeka, CEO, 353Solutions

Tuesday, February 12, 2008

Opening File according to mime type

Most of the modern desktops already have a command line utility to open file according to their mime type (GNOME/gnome-open, OSX/open, Windows/start, XFCE/exo-open, KDE/kfmclient ...)

However, most (all?) of them rely on the file extension, where I needed something to view attachments from mutt. Which passes the file data in stdin.

So, here we go (I call this attview):

#!/usr/bin/env python
'''View attachment with right application'''

__author__ = "Miki Tebeka <miki.tebeka@gmail.com>"

from os import popen, system
from os.path import isfile
import re

class ViewError(Exception):

def view_attachment(data):
# In the .destop file, the file name is %u or %U
u_sub = re.compile("%u", re.I).sub

FILENAME = "/tmp/attview"
fo = open(FILENAME, "wb")

mime_type = popen("file -ib %s" % FILENAME).read().strip()
if ";" in mime_type:
mime_type = mime_type[:mime_type.find(";")]
if mime_type == "application/x-not-regular-file":
raise ViewError("can't guess mime type")

APPS_DIR = "/usr/share/applications"
for line in open("%s/defaults.list" % APPS_DIR):
if line.startswith(mime_type):
mime, appfile = line.strip().split("=")
raise ViewError("can't find how to open %s" % mime_type)

appfile = "%s/%s" % (APPS_DIR, appfile)
if not isfile(appfile):
raise ViewError("can't find %s" % appfile)
for line in open(appfile):
line = line.strip()
if line.startswith("Exec"):
key, cmd = line.split("=")
fullcmd = u_sub(FILENAME, cmd)
if fullcmd == cmd:
fullcmd += " %s" % FILENAME
system(fullcmd + "&")
raise ViewError("can't find Exec in %s" % appfile)

def main(argv=None):
from sys import stdin
if argv is None:
import sys
argv = sys.argv

from optparse import OptionParser

parser = OptionParser("usage: %prog [FILENAME]")

opts, args = parser.parse_args(argv[1:])
if len(args) not in (0, 1):
parser.error("wrong number of arguments") # Will exit

filename = args[0] if args else "-"

if filename == "-":
data = stdin.read()
data = open(filename, "rb").read()
except IOError, e:
raise SystemExit("error: %s" % e.strerror)

except ViewError, e:
raise SystemExit("error: %s" % e)

if __name__ == "__main__":

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